Heart Disease Symptoms
Heart disease is a major problem. Although heart disease is deadly, it is also relatively avoidable in most individuals. By adopting good healthy living habits early, you may potentially live a long and healthy life. Heart disease encompasses a broad spectrum of medical conditions. The condition can be classified as either acute or chronic.
Acute cardiovascular disease is usually associated with high blood pressure (hypertension), obesity, smoking, and physical inactivity. Chronic cardiovascular disease, which develops over time, is typically caused by high cholesterol levels, diabetes mellitus, or stress. In either case, developing heart disease puts you at greater risk for stroke and heart attack.
Smoking, especially if you are a smoker, puts you at risk for heart disease, because it increases your blood pressure and decreases your coronary blood vessels. On the other hand, if you don’t smoke but are overweight, your weight tends to cause fatty deposits on your arteries that are a cause of cardiovascular disease. If you have clogged arteries, plaque forms in them, blocking their blood flow. As time goes by, this plaque narrows and blocks off the arteries.
Symptoms of heart disease depend on the cause of the condition. Acute heart infections usually include symptoms such as chest pain, heart palpitations, dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, chills, fatigue, and diarrhea. Other symptoms include excessive sweating, swelling of ankles or legs, weakness, numbness, dizziness, frequent urination, earaches, skin rash, headaches, leg cramps, and stomach bloating. Less common than cardiovascular symptoms are seizures, abdominal pain, fever, and anemia.
Some causes of heart disease may also include medications, infections, and genetics. Antibiotics, such as tetracycline, can create conditions that are conducive to congenital heart disease. In pregnant women, certain medications, such as amoxicillin, can cause problems during pregnancy.
Medications, infections, and genetics can be prevented by regular exercise and a healthy diet. Exercise lowers your cholesterol levels and can help prevent heart disease and other conditions. It also strengthens your heart and reduces the risk of a stroke. A healthy diet, low in fat and cholesterol and rich in fiber helps too. Regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight and can strengthen your muscles, helping you avoid falls and fractures.
Lifestyle choices and habits may also play a role in preventing heart disease and coronary artery disease. Smoking, high blood pressure, and unhealthy diets may all put you at risk for heart disease. Smoking and other tobacco use increase your cholesterol levels. Alcohol use can also increase the buildup of cholesterol in your arteries. It has been found that obese people who do not reduce their calorie intake are at a greater risk of developing coronary artery disease.
The best treatment for heart disease is prevention. You should make changes to your lifestyle decisions and make sure to take your medications on time. Be sure to quit smoking if you are an adult. Obesity is one of the risk factors for coronary artery disease. If you have high blood pressure or a family history of it, you should avoid certain foods and activities, while increasing the frequency of others.
When it comes to lifestyle choices and diseases, your diet plays a very important role. Studies have shown that a diet that is high in saturated fats and salt, while low in fruits and vegetables can increase the risk of cardiac problems. Obesity can put extra pressure on the cardiovascular system, causing heart problems. Exercise regularly and try to lose weight if you are overweight.
Lifestyle choices and behaviors also affect the heart’s pumping capacity. People who perform hazardous jobs, such as construction workers, automobile mechanics, plumbers, coal miners, airplane pilots, and commercial truck drivers, often develop heart disease. They are exposed to harmful chemicals and working in these high-risk occupations puts their lives at risk. Smokers put themselves at risk for heart attacks because tobacco smoke increases the risk of building up clogged blood vessels in the body. Long periods of smoking can actually increase the risk of coronary artery disease.
Treatment for heart disease varies depending on what is wrong with your heart. If you have a mild heart attack or heart valve disease, you will be treated with aspirin and other anti-inflammatory medications. Doctors will often perform a blood test called angiography to see if there is an obstruction of one of the arteries leading to your heart. If there is an obstruction, the doctor will surgically remove a blockage and open the blocked artery. Your doctor will make the decision if you should undergo angiography or not.
Some heart disease symptoms include intense chest pain, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, headaches, and vomiting. Each of these symptoms can be a sign of a heart attack or coronary artery disease. Symptoms of a heart attack may feel like they are unrelated, but if you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you need to get to the doctor immediately. Early detection of heart disease allows time to get to the hospital, where the doctor can diagnose and treat your condition properly.